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Diet, Exercise and Body Fat
Effects of Energy Restrictive Diet and Abdominal Fat and Metabolism in Obese Women
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Diet, Exercise & Body Fat

Effects of an energy-restrictive diet with or without exercise on abdominal fat, intermuscular fat, and metabolic risk factors in obese women.

Diet-Exercise-Fat Study - Aim
The primary objective was to examine whether the combination of diet and aerobic exercise (DA) or diet and resistance exercise (DR) is associated with greater improvements in metabolic risk factors by comparison to diet only (DO) in obese women. A second objective considered whether reductions in metabolic risk factors are related to concurrent changes in abdominal and/or intermuscular fat distribution.

Diet-Exercise-Fat Study - Methods
A total of 38 premenopausal obese women were randomly assigned to one of three 16-week treatments: diet-only, diet-plus-aerobics or diet-plus resistance-exercise. Plasma glucose, insulin, and lipid levels were measured in a fasting state and after a 75-g oral glucose challenge (oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT]). Total, abdominal subcutaneous, visceral, and intermuscular fat were measured by magnetic resonance imaging.

Diet-Exercise-Fat Study - Results
Significant reductions in body weight (approximately 10 kg or 10 percent) and in total, abdominal subcutaneous, visceral, and intermuscular fat were observed within each group. Fasting and OGTT insulin, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B also decreased within each group. The changes in the body fat and metabolic variables were not different across treatment. Visceral fat alone was related to the metabolic risk factors both before and after the treatment.

Diet-Exercise-Fat Study - Conclusions
Weight loss was associated with reductions in metabolic risk factors in obese women. The improvement in the metabolic profile was not enhanced by the addition of aerobic or resistance exercise. The findings reinforce the importance of diminished visceral fat in the treatment of insulin resistance.

Source: Janssen I, Fortier A, Hudson R, Ross R. School of Physical and Health Education, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. 2002

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Weight Loss News
Theories about how to lose weight, how to reduce obesity and general weight management are constantly changing along with ideas about which weight loss diet program is best and so forth. At present, however, a balanced diet combined with regular exercise remains the favorite weight loss strategy of most dietitians and weight loss experts.

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