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Body Weight & HRQL

Body Weight Study Aim
To examine the relation between body weight and the physical and mental components of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in the population aged 60 years and over in Spain.

Body Weight Study Method
Cross-sectional study covering 3605 subjects, logistic regression was used to examine the relation of sub optimal HRQL on each SF-36 questionnaire scale with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference.

Body Weight Study Results
Mean age of the study population was 70.9 years for men and 72.2 years for women. The percentage of overweight subjects was 48.5% in men and 39.8% in women, and of obese subjects, 31.9 and 41.1% respectively. Men registered a better HRQL than women on most of the SF-36 scales. Compared to normal-weight subjects, frequency of suboptimal physical functioning was higher among obese subjects (BMI30 kg/m2), both male and female. The aspects of physical functioning most affected were bending, kneeling or stooping, climbing stairs and strenuous effort. Male, though not female, obesity was nonetheless associated with a better HRQL on the SF-36 mental scales. Frequencies of suboptimal scores for overweight persons (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m2) were similar to those for normal-weight subjects on most of the SF-36 scales. Results proved similar for subjects in both the 60-74 and 75-and-over age groups, and also when waist circumference was used as the measure of obesity (>102 cm in men and >88 cm in women).

Body Weight Study Conclusion
Obese men and women showed worse physical functioning than normal-weight persons. This occurred irrespective of whether subjects were over or under 74 years of age, or whether obesity was measured by BMI or waist circumference, and was not explained by unhealthy lifestyles or obesity-related chronic disease.

Source: International Journal of Obesity

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