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Obesity, Weight and Depression - Weight Loss Study
Adverse Effects of Obesity on Mental Health
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Obesity, Weight & Depression

Obesity Study Aim
Obesity and Depression - examine the temporal relation and determine if each constitutes a risk factor for the other.

Obesity Study Design
A two-wave, 5-year observational study with all measures at both times.

Obesity Study Subjects
A total of 2123 subjects, 50 years of age and older, who participated in the 1994 and 1999 waves of the Alameda County Study.

Obesity Study Measurements
Obesity defined as body mass index (BMI) 30. Depression assessed using DSM-IV symptom criteria for major depressive episodes. Covariates include indicators of age, gender, education, marital status, social support, life events, physical health problems, and functional limitations.

Obesity Study Results
Obesity at baseline was associated with increased risk of depression 5 years later, even after controlling for depression at baseline and an array of covariates. The reverse was not true; depression did not increase the risk of future obesity.

Obesity Study Conclusion
These results, the first ever on reciprocal effects between obesity and depression, add to a growing body of evidence concerning the adverse effects of obesity on mental health. More studies are needed on the relation between obesity and mental health and implications for prevention and treatment.

Source: International Journal of Obesity

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