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Overweight and Obese Have Lower Bone Mass
Effect of Obesity on Bone Mineral Content and Bone Area
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Overweight & Obese Children, Low Bone Mass

Overweight Children Study Aim
To determine whether girls and boys categorized from body mass index (BMI) values as overweight or obese for their age have lower bone mineral content (BMC) or lower bone area in relation to total body weight than children of normal adiposity.

Overweight Children Study Subjects
200 girls and 136 boys aged 3-19 years recruited from the general population by advertisement.

Overweight Children Study Measurements
Total body BMC (g) and bone area (cm2) measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in relation to body weight (kg), lean tissue mass (kg) and fat mass (kg) in boys and girls of three different BMI percentile groupings: normal weight (BMI<85th percentile); overweight (85 to 94th BMI percentile); obese (95th BMI percentile).

Overweight Children Study Results
Obese children had higher BMC, bone area, and fat mass for chronological age than those of normal body weight. In spite of this the observed values for age-adjusted total body BMC and bone area relative to body weight were each lower than predicted values, in both overweight and obese children (2.5-10.1% less) than in children of lower adiposity.

Overweight Children Study Conclusion
In overweight and obese boys and girls there is a mismatch between body weight and bone development during growth: their bone mass and bone area are low for their body weight.

Source: International Journal of Obesity

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