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Weight Loss and Blood Pressure, Hypertension
Weight Reduction Causes a Sustained Reduction in Blood Pressure and Hypertension
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Long-Term Weight Loss & Blood Pressure

Weight Loss & Blood Pressure Study Summary
Long-term weight loss for people with high blood pressure, who are not being treated with drugs, brings a sustained reduction in blood pressure. Weight loss has previously been shown to reduce the need for medication in hypertensive overweight patients, but nothing is known about the long-term effects of weight loss on blood pressure in unmedicated patients with hypertension.

Weight Loss & Blood Pressure Study Method
The effects of weight changes on blood pressure in 181 overweight hypertensive patients was studied. The patients had never been treated with antihypertensive medications, and remained untreated during the 4-year study.

Weight Loss & Blood Pressure Study Results
In the group as a whole, average body weight did not change much during the study, the investigators report, but average blood pressures increased slightly. For individual patients, blood pressure varied directly with changes in body weight. Also, changes in body weight also paralleled changes in the size of the left-side chambers of the heart. Heart enlargement often follows prolonged hypertension and can lead to heart failure.
Heart size decreased in the people who lost weight loss and increased in those whose weight remained unchanged or increased.

Weight Loss & Blood Pressure Study Conclusion
Even a modest degree of weight loss over the long term is highly beneficial in hypertensive overweight-to-obese patients. Losing weight might be considered as the first and sometimes the only treatment for otherwise low-risk overweight subjects with high blood pressure.

Source: American Journal of Hypertension, August

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